- Montahina Akther
Neurodiversity is a topic that seems to be untouchable in this century. Society treats
neurodivergent (ND) individuals with utter disrespect ranging from economic benefits to job
refusals. This treatment signifies the preconceived notion that ND peoples are incapable of
carrying out tasks as opposed to divergent individuals. Learning disabilities fall under the
spectrum of ND and have a variety of disorders.
“Children with learning disorders may feel frustrated that they cannot master a subject
despite trying hard, and may act out, act helpless, or withdraw” (Center of Disease Control). The extra instruction and assistance provided to individuals on the spectrum are often stigmatized and not taken into consideration the impact of these disorders in the spectrum. There are 3 learning disabilities (but not limited to) that include dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia.
Dyslexia is a layered issue that includes multiple subsets underneath the condition in
which it can be classified as phonological dyslexia, surface dyslexia, visual dyslexia, primary
dyslexia, secondary dyslexia, and trauma dyslexia (acquired dyslexia). Dyslexia can be primarily described as a disorder that interferes in many aspects of life which includes reading and writing skills.
Dysgraphia is another neurological disorder that essentially effects writing and legibility
skills. Dysgraphia is not simply difficult in the art of transcription but rather an issue in
expression. This is another complicated issue within the spectrum, and it can be classified as
dyspraxia (poor handwriting).
Dyscalculia is a learning disability in which it impairs an individual’s ability in math-
related concepts or issues. The simple act of doing math may cause anxiety, stress, etc. and even further mental confusion. People with dyscalculia may express advanced reading and writing skills or in any other area.
Learning disabilities fall under the spectrum of neurodiversity and are extremely diverse
in symptoms and disorders. These are three main learning disabilities associated with ND. There are a multitude of disorders in the spectrum that involves learning disabilities, and must be taken into consideration and care.